An allusion to Psalm 45:14 "She shall be brought to the King in robes of many colors; The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You. With gladness and rejoicing they shall be brought; They shall enter the King's palace." Rutherford is saying that she is a special object of Christ's love, and will be robed with heavenly blessings.

Affections or emotional desires.

Rutherford's favourite term for Jesus Christ. Compare Song of Songs 1:4 "Take me away with you- let us hurry! Let the king bring me into his chambers." The Puritans interpreted the Song of Songs (or Song of Solomon) as a allegory of Christ and His Church.

A quote from John Owen: "No man shall ever behold the glory of Christ by sight hereafter, who does not in some measure behold it by faith here in this world."

To Heaven.

In death.

"That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat." -- 2 Pet 3:12 (NIV)

The Pope and the Devil. Rutherford saw the changes in the Church of Scotland imposed by the English King Charles I as a prelude to re-imposing Catholicism in England and Scotland. It was for speaking out against these changes that he was exiled to Aberdeen.

That is, they will gain money and property. But what is that worth, in view of eternity?

At this time he was not locked up in prison. His exile away from his church, family, and friends felt to him like a prison.

That is, the pain of being separated from his beloved congregation.

"But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you." -- John 16:7 (NIV)

Perhaps Rutherford feared that one of them would die before his release from exile, in which case they would be joyfully reunited, pastor and church member, in heaven.